The history of ultrasound
The history of ultrasound
The history of ultrasound
In the beginning there was SONAR - Sound Navigation and Ranging
1822 – Daniel Colladen, a Swiss physicist, used an “underwater bell” to measure the speed of sound in the waters of Lake Geneva. At that time, the first attempts to map the ocean floor based on simple sonic echo methods also began.

1877 – Lord Rayleigh published in England a scientific dissertation “Theory of sound”, in which he described the physical basis of the propagation of sound waves.

1880 – Pierre and Jacques Curie discovered the piezoelectric effect in quartz and barium titanate crystals. These were the foundations for generating and receiving ultrasonic waves with frequencies in the range of millions of cycles per second.

1914-1918 – the beginning of the development of ultrasonic devices for navigation, measuring depth and distance in water – used primarily on submarines. Then the reflectoscope and NDT – Non-Destructive Testing (non-destructive testing) were developed.

1928 – S. Sokolov at the Electrotechnical Institute in Leningrad developed the concept of ultrasonic detection of defects in metals and casting alloys.

1941 – F. Firestone of the University of Michigan developed a device called the “supersonic reflektoscope” to detect defects in metals. In the following years, there was a significant development of ultrasonic methods of material testing, mainly thanks to SIEMENS in Germany and KRETZ TECHNIK from Austria.


And in medicine…

1942-Karl T. Dussik neurologist-psychiatra from the University of Vienna applied a reflection to detect brain tumors for the first time. These studies were not synonymous for technical reasons, but became an inspiration to search for other reflectoscope applications in medical diagnostics.

1948–50-inch in many medical centers in the USA and Europe were conducted experiments and research on animal tissues and selected organs of people.

1951 -The first scanner was created illustrated by the examined organs of the SO -Caled dual -leveled performances with the modulation of the SO -Caled Modej B. B. Gums of the nipples, stones in gallbladder and kidneys, brain tumors began to be tested and of course ultrasound diagnostics began in obstetrics.

1954-Swedes I. Edler and H. Hertz built the first cardiological ultrasonic scanner working in M mode, enabling imaging of heart valves.

1955 – Japanese S. Satomura and Y. Nimura conducted the first analysis of heart valves using the Doppler effect.

1956 – Mundt and Huges published the first reports on ultrasonic eyeball tests in presentation A, and two years later Baum and Greenwood in the presentation B. Sięśniene – it was a real boom . Many companies producing ultrasounds in Europe, the USA, Japan, Australia and China were created.

1964-W. Buschmann from Eastern Berlin for the first time described a multi -element ultrasonic head (multi -electronic matrix) in ophthalmological applications.

1965 – Siemens medical system produced the first ultrasound in real time under the name Vidoson.

1968 -J. Sommers from the Netherlands described the mechanism of work of heads with a multi -element phase (phase matrix transducers and ring matrix transducers). The seventies and eighties were avalanches of the increasingly commonly used ultrasonic diagnostics related to, among others, the rapid development of electronics. The first ultrasound with a linear (linear table) appeared a conversation (convex board), developed a field of final and endorerical diagnostics. Thanks to the use of modern electronic systems, sophisticated treatment of ultrasonic signals has become possible – which significantly increased the quality of imaging. At the turn of the seventies and 80s, the basics of mathematical processing of the Doppler signals were also developed, which enabled the creation of ultrasound with flow deportation (FFT and colored Doppler).

And in Poland…

Ultrasound has been developing since 1964. We invite you to familiarize yourself with a detailed study on this subject by Dr. Ins. Jerzy Etienne from the ultrasound pan IPPT PAN.

From our point of view, the key elements of the history of the ultrasonic apparatus designed and produced in Poland should be cited, because a significant part of Echo-Son S.A. employees She was active participants, and often animators-creators of this story.

1972-73-Techpan was the Department of the Experimental Department of the Institute of Basic Problems of Technology of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw and its branch in Pławy. Z.D. Techpan was involved in the design and production of ultrasonic ultrasonic devices with the main emphasis on the medical apparatus. It was the only center in Poland with such a profile, so the history of the ultrasonic apparatus is inseparably connected with Z.D. Techpan IPPT Pan.

1977-The first ultrasound (with a pantographic arm) was created-uptrasound-10, the next models were marked with ultrasound-30

1978-Fetal heart rate detector in Uudt-10-Utrasonic, in the miniature version of MDT-10, subsequent models were marked with Jawtt-20 and MDT-20

Ultrasound of the USO-10-Offalmological from 1979, its successor to the USO-20 in 1983

1982-Szg-20 was created-uptrasound for cardiological diagnostics

1984-UKSK-40-A Cardiological ultrasound designer in real time (with the head of the sector)

1984-Ultrasound-30-first Polish ultrasound designer (with pantograph)

In the ultrasonic UDP-30/UDP-30TES-DPPPLER scanner from 1984 to illustrate flows (speed profile) in peripheral vessels.

1985-Ultrasound-40-Real-Time Reltrasound (with a rotary head).

1985-Ultrasonic detector for the Sinus UZ-10

1986-Ultrasound-50 was created-the first Polish ultrasonic Polish in real time folded (with a rotary head).

1989– ultrasound-55 miniaturized ultrasound version-50 (with a rotary head)

1991-Ultrasound-60, compact ultrasound with a sector head (undertaken by Elpol-Teson).

Short history of our ultrasonic apparatus:

In March 1993, the Polish Academy of Sciences from 21 former employees of Z.D. Techpan IPPT Mr. Ślawa signed a joint company called “Tech-Son”. In 1995, the company name was changed to “echo-son” (

1995-TS-1000EXD-development of the TS-1000 model, among others Extensive diagnostic and measuring options in cardiological applications. In cooperation with Sonomed, the production of ultrasound with a spectral illustration of flows in the heart and in peripheral vessels, so -called Impulse doppler with FFT (Fast Fourier Transfor). For the ultrasound designer of TS-1000EXD Echo-Son S.A. He obtained the highest laurel of the Salmed’95 medical salon – Golden Aeskulap.

1997-introduction for sale of electronic (line and conversive) heads to TS-1000 EXD ultrasounds, the use of DSP processors (Digital Signal Processing) for “processing” of an ultrasonic signal, introducing spatial interpolation of imaging.

1997 – the establishment of the Onyx ultrasound designer.

1998 – development of a modern Echoftal ophthalmological ultrasound.

1999 – development of the first ultrasound in Poland with a colorful illustration of the so -called flows Color Doppler and Power Doppler – Onyx II.

1999 – start of a unique production in Poland, a two -shell head

1999 – Introduction for sale of veterinary ultrasound sophisticated – Vet, Albit Vet, Desmin Vet

2000 – broadband electronic heads, 128 – channels, Onyx II

2000 – use of a modern beamformer module – digital beam formation, dynamic focusing by the Pixel by Pixel method, dynamic aperture, awarding, adaptation of the frequency to the depth of the test.

2001 – Digital Doppler, completely digital Doppler track onyx II

2001 – introduction for sale of a veterinary ultrasound with a desin vet line head

2002 – Introduction for sale of specialized ultrasounds microscopane

2002 – Doppler’s digital track – Spinel II

2003 – Modernization of the family of ultrasounds Desmin

2003 – extension of the offer with electronic heads

2003 – introduction to the production of a portable ultrasound Epidot with LCD liquid crystal screen

2004 – introduction for the sale of a new generation of ophthalmological ultrasound designs Desmin F / USO, Desmin H USO with 12MHz heads

2004 – introduction for the sale of a new version of the desin MS microsonograph

2005 – introduction to the sale of a new SPINEL II ultrasound designer model

2006 – introduction of multi -frequency heads for sale

2006 – introduction for sale of a portable ultrasound designer with colorful Doppler

2007 – introduction for the sale of new multi -frequency heads

2007 – introduction for the sale of ophthalmology ultrasounds Desmin M/USO and Epidot/USO

2008 – introduction for the sale of a specialized 360 ST anorectal head.

2008 – introduction for the sale of a pachymetru pilep

2009 – introduction for the sale of a new Desmin F ultrasound designer

2010 – Constructing a new generation of Albit ultrasound designer for specialized applications: anesthesia, coloproctology

2011 – Extension of the Piropy camera function with biometric lenses (A Scan)

2011 – Modernization of the Family Ultrasonographers Spinel and Epidot SC Color Doppler

2012 -Albit -arate controlled using the touch screen -new specialized applications

2012 – new camera for automatic bladder volume measurement – Pinit (1st place in the competition “National Leader of Innovation and Development 2012”)

2013 – the latest generation ultrasonic biometric ultrasound pilep – for tachymmetry, lens biometrics and soft tissue biometrics.

2013 – Albit – a modern universal ultrasound with a colorful Doppler and Pulsation Doppler – a camera controlled using a touch screen and/or a special wired remote control.

2013 – The Pinit scanner is intended for a professional, non -invasive bladder volume measurement (PVR), support for urodynamic tests, along with the application for basic imaging and measurements of urinary tract organs (volumetric -diagnostic tool). Innovation laurel 2013 – in a national competition for the best innovative products.

2014 – versatile, modern, portable ultrasound designer for both general diagnosis and specialist practice – Epidot SC with a “metro” interface based on a touch screen.

2015 – extension of the research range for a pyrous ultrasound designer in the ophthalmology application (mode B) and in the application of soft tissue biometrics.

2016– modern, stationary ultrasound for general diagnostics- spinel with a 21 ″ full HD monitor, ergonomic control panel integrated from the alphanumeric keyboard and a friendly usable interface based on a touch screen.

2016 -modernization of the Pinit scanner designed for automatic measurement of the bladder volume -7 ″ new display, modern, friendly user interface, communication with the PC of research management.

2017 – introduction of a new generation of the Albit camera – Windows 10/64bit, Full HD monitor, modernized user interface on the touch screen, additional functional control desktop, BT wireless controller. Albit ultrasound designer is intended for both general diagnostic applications and for specialized applications.

2017 – Modernization of the Piropa (A+B+P) ophthalmology scanner for biometrics and eye testing: 7 ″ display, a modern, friendly GUI user interface, reports of reports on WiFi /USB printers.

2018 – modernization of the biometric ultrasound designer in the GT (Gingival Thickness) application, intended for periodontal soft tissue biometrics: 7 ″ display, modern, friendly user interface, printing reports on USB external printers.